The Roman Republic

The Roman Republic - Rome WikiThe Roman Republic - Rome WikiThe Roman Republic - Rome WikiThe Roman Republic - Rome Wiki
The Roman Republic

The Roman Republic - Rome WikiThe Roman Republic - Rome WikiThe Roman Republic - Rome WikiThe Roman Republic - Rome Wiki


The Roman Republic was the period in Ancient Roman history characterised by its republican form of government. It began with the overthrow of the last Roman king, Lucius Tarquinious Superbus in 509BC when Lucius Junius Brutus (ancestor of Marcus Junius Brutus) led a revolt following the rape of a noblewoman, Lucretia, at the hands of Tarquin's son. The Republic was governed by an unwritten complex constitution based on the principles of a separation of powers and checks and balances. The early Republic was largely controlled by an aristocracy that could trace its lineage back to the early days of the Roman Kingdom. Over time, the laws allowing this were repealed and a new aristocracy emerged that was dependent on the structure of society, rather than the law, to maintain its dominance. Rome's territory also underwent dramatic expansion during this period with its influence spreading to cover all of Italy and the Mediterranean World. However, towards the end of the period some leaders came to dominate the political arena to the extent that they exceeded the limitations of the Republic. The appointment of Julius Caesar as perpetual dictator in 44BC, the defeat of Mark Antony at the Battle of Actium in 31BC and the Senate's grant of extraordinary powers to Gaius Octavian in 27BC are all candidates for the pivotal moment that brought about the end of the Republic- the precise cause is still up for debate!






Constitutional History

Constitutional History

The Senate

The Senate


Other Legislative Assemblies

Tribune of the People


Executive Magistrates



Executive Magistrates

Titles and Honours

Transition to an Empire

Augustus

information and pictures from Wikipedia and roman-empire.net