The Romans like many other ancient people believed that there were many different Gods that were responsible for the different areas in life. For example if you were a soldier you might pray or make an offering of sacrifice to the God Mars in an upcoming battle. Or if you were sick then you would pray or make an offering of sacrifice to the God Apollo. There was basically a family of Gods each one with different responsibilities. And although you may favour one all were to be respected as you wouldn't want to make them angry. Religion was a big part of everyday life in ancient Rome, people had shrines in their houses and visited the Temples. The Rulers of Rome would not make any decisions without consulting their priests first. The priests ran the festivals and the religious ceremonies. When asking for help from a God sacrifices were often made, although it was generally a sacrifice of a sheep, chicken or a bull that was carried out. Another fact is that the Romans "adopted" Gods from their conquered countries. For example, the Roman God,Jupiter, is equivalent to the Greek God Zeus. In the late 40ies to early 30ies BC another Goddess became quite important to the Romans: Isis, an Egyptian cult. Later on, other cults and Gods from the Near East were added to the Gods of the now Roman Empire.
Jupiter is the King of all the Roman Gods,and is the main God of the Romans,equivalent of the Greek Zeus. He was called luppiter (or diespiter) Optimus Maximus ("Father God the best and the greatest"); as the patron diety of the Roman State,he ruled over laws and social order and is the God of rain,thunder and lightning. His English name is Jove. He is a son of Saturn and brother of Neptune and Juno (who is also his wife). He had a temple on the Capitol, together with Juno and Minerva, but he was the most prominent of this Capitoline triad. Jupitors temple was the most important sanctuary in Rome and was also in the centre of political life. Here official offerings were made, treaties were signed and wars were declared, the triumphant Generals of the Roman Army came here to give their thanks
Relatives of Jupiter
Son of Saturn,grandson of Uranus,husband to Juno,brother to Neptune and Juno father to many children.
Juno is the wife of Jupiter and thus the Queen of the Gods, she is the equivalent of the Greek God Hera. Juno was a majestical figure wearing a diaem on her head,her symbolic animal is the peacock. She is the Goddess of women and fertility, and is also the protecting and guardian spirit of all females. The first day in every month ( the kalands) belonged to Juno. Juno was the protector and special councilor of the Roman State. She is a daughter of Saturn and sister (but also the wife) of the chief God Jupiter. She is the mother of Juventas,Mars and Vulcan. As the patron Goddess of the Roman Empire she was called Regina ("Queen") and together with Jupiter and Minerva is worshipped as a triad on the Capitol(Juno Capitolina) in Rome.
Relatives of Juno
Daughter of Saturn, wife to Jupiter, sister to Jupiter, Ceres, Neptune, and Pluto, mother to Mars and Vulcan
Mars is the Roman God of war and one of the most prominent and worshipped Gods. He is the Greek equivalent to the God Ares. Mars is also mentioned as a chthonic (earth God) and this could explain why he became a God of death and finally a God of war. He is the son of Juno and Jupiter. It was said he was the father of Romulus and Remus who were the legendary founders of Rome. His main sanctuaries were the temple on the Capitol,which he shared with Jupitor and Quirinus, the temple of Mars Gradivus, where the Roman army gathered before they went to war, and the temple of Mars Ultimor, located on the forum Augustus. The Campus Martius situated beyond the city walls,was also dedicated to him. Here the army was drilled and athletics were trained. Mars is portrayed as a warrior in full battle armour,wearing a crested helmet and bearing a shield. His sacred animals are the wolf and the woodpecker. The month Mars (Martius) is named after him ( wars were often started or renewed in Spring)
Relatives of Mars
Son of Jupiter and Juno, lover to Venus