At first, there was only Nun. Nun was the dark waters of chaos. One day, a hill rose up out of the waters. This hill was called Ben-Ben.
On this hill stood Atum the first god.
Atum coughed and spat out Shu, the god of the air, and Tefnut, the goddess of moisture. Shu and Tefnut had two children. First, there was Geb, the god of the earth. Then, there was Nut, the goddess of the sky.
Shu lifted Nut up so that she became a canopy over Geb. Nut and Geb had four children named Osiris, Isis, Set and Nephthys.
Osiris was the king of the earth and Isis was the queen. Osiris was a good king, and he ruled over the earth for many years.
However, everything was not well. Set was jealous of Osiris because he wanted to be the ruler of the earth. He grew angrier and angrier until one day he killed Osiris.
Osiris went down into the underworld and Set remained on earth and became king. Osiris and Isis had one son named Horus. Horus battled against Set and regained the throne. After that, Horus was the king of the earth and Osiris was the king of the underworld.
Man with a ram-head wearing an ostrich plumed hat
Amun was one of the most powerful gods in ancient Egypt. At the height of Egyptian civilization he was called the "King of the Gods".
Amun was important throughout the history of ancient Egypt. However, when Amun was combined with the sun god Ra he was even more powerful. He was then called Amun-Ra.
A large and important temple was built at Thebes to honour Amun.
Man with a jackal head
Anubis was the god of embalming and the dead.
Since jackals were often seen in cemeteries, the ancient Egyptians believed that Anubis watched over the dead. Anubis was the god who helped to embalm Osiris after he was killed by Set. Thus, Anubis was the god who watched over the process of mummifying people when they died.
Priests often wore a mask of Anubis during mummification ceremonies.
A sun disk with rays which end in hands
Aten was a form of the sun god Ra. During the reign of Akhenaten, the Aten was named the "King" of the gods.
Man with the double crown
Atum was a creator god. He was also known as "The All" or "Perfection".
The ancient Egyptians believed that Atum was the first god to exist on earth. They believed that Atum rose from the waters of chaos (Nun) and created all the gods.
Woman with the head of a cat
Bastet was a protective goddess.
She was usually seen as a gentle protective goddess. However, she sometimes appeared with the head of a lioness to protect the king in battle.
The cat was a symbol of Bastet. She was one of the daughters of the sun god, Ra.
A great temple was built in her honour at Bubastis in the Delta.